What Is The Order Of Operations In Python

Understanding the Order of Operations in Python: A Comprehensive Guide

In the world of programming, especially in Python, understanding the order of operations is fundamental. Just like in mathematics, where operations follow a specific sequence, Python also has a predefined order in which it evaluates expressions. In this guide, we’ll delve into the intricacies of Python’s order of operations, exploring its significance and providing practical examples to solidify your understanding.

Importance of Order of Operations in Python

Python, being a versatile and widely-used programming language, employs a set of rules to determine the sequence in which expressions are evaluated. This order greatly impacts the outcome of your code and ensures consistency and predictability in program execution.

PEMDAS: The Mnemonic for Order of Operations

In Python, as in mathematics, the acronym PEMDAS stands as a mnemonic to remember the order of operations:

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  • Parentheses
  • Exponents
  • Multiplication and Division (from left to right)
  • Addition and Subtraction (from left to right)

Understanding and applying this mnemonic is crucial for writing Python code that produces the desired results.

Examples of Order of Operations in Python

Let’s illustrate the order of operations with some examples:

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  1. Parentheses:

    result = (4 + 3) * 2

    Here, Python first evaluates the expression within the parentheses (4 + 3) before multiplying the result by 2.

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  2. Exponents:

    result = 2 ** 3 * 4

    In this case, Python calculates 2 raised to the power of 3 before multiplying the result by 4.

  3. Multiplication and Division:

    result = 10 / 2 * 3

    Python performs multiplication and division from left to right, so it first divides 10 by 2, then multiplies the result by 3.

  4. Addition and Subtraction:

    result = 5 + 4 - 2

    Here, Python adds 5 and 4 first, then subtracts 2 from the result.

Precedence of Operators

It’s essential to note that certain operators have higher precedence than others. For instance, multiplication and division take precedence over addition and subtraction. However, you can always use parentheses to explicitly specify the order of operations and override the default precedence.


Understanding the order of operations in Python is crucial for writing efficient and error-free code. By following the PEMDAS mnemonic and being mindful of operator precedence, you can ensure that your code behaves as intended.


Q: Can I use parentheses to change the order of operations in Python?

Yes, you can use parentheses to override the default precedence and explicitly specify the order in which expressions should be evaluated.

Q: What happens if I don’t follow the order of operations in Python?

Failure to adhere to the order of operations may lead to unexpected results or errors in your code. It’s essential to understand and apply the rules to ensure the correctness of your Python programs.

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