How To Install Java Runtime On Linux

How to Install Java Runtime on Linux: A Comprehensive Guide


In the realm of programming, having Java Runtime Environment (JRE) installed on your Linux system is essential. Whether you’re a seasoned developer or a beginner, this guide will walk you through the process of installing Java Runtime on your Linux machine. We’ll cover the steps for various distributions, ensuring that you can seamlessly integrate Java into your development environment.

Understanding Java Runtime Environment (JRE)

Before diving into the installation process, let’s take a moment to understand what Java Runtime Environment is and why it’s crucial for your Linux system.

What is JRE?

Java Runtime Environment (JRE) is a set of software tools that provide the necessary runtime environment for executing Java applications. It includes the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), class libraries, and other components required for running Java applications.

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Checking Existing Java Installation

Before installing or updating Java, it’s wise to check if you already have a version installed. Here’s how you can do it:

Checking Java Version

Open your terminal and type the following command:

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java -version

This command will display the installed Java version. If Java is not installed, you’ll see an error message.

Installing Java on Ubuntu

Ubuntu is one of the most popular Linux distributions, and installing Java on it is a straightforward process.

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Using APT Package Manager

  1. Update the package index:

    sudo apt update
  2. Install the default JRE:

    sudo apt install default-jre
  3. Verify the installation:

    java -version

Using Snap Package

For those who prefer using Snap, you can install Java using the Snap package manager:

sudo snap install openjdk

Installing Java on Fedora

Fedora users can follow these steps to install Java:

Using DNF Package Manager

  1. Update the system:

    sudo dnf update
  2. Install OpenJDK:

    sudo dnf install java-11-openjdk
  3. Verify the installation:

    java -version

FAQs: Addressing Common Questions

Q1: How do I set Java environment variables on Linux?

To set Java environment variables, you can edit the ~/.bashrc file and add the following lines:

export JAVA_HOME=/path/to/your/java export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH

Don’t forget to replace /path/to/your/java with the actual path to your Java installation.

Q2: Can I install multiple Java versions on Linux?

Yes, you can have multiple Java versions installed on your Linux system. Use alternatives to switch between different versions.

Q3: Is there a GUI-based method to install Java on Linux?

Some distributions offer GUI-based package managers, such as Synaptic on Ubuntu. You can use them to install Java by searching for the OpenJDK package.


Congratulations! You’ve successfully installed Java Runtime on your Linux system. Whether you’re developing applications or running Java-based software, having JRE ensures smooth execution. If you have any questions or encounter issues, feel free to explore our FAQs for solutions.

Now that you have a comprehensive understanding of installing Java on Linux, you’re well-equipped for your coding endeavors. Happy coding!

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